The systematic incorporation of structural aspects to the mapping and interpretation of geological data, geophysical and geochemical data at different scales is a fundamental piece for selecting the area to be explored and, ultimately, for the successful generation of exploration targets. The main objective of this course is to disseminate basic concepts of structural geology and field techniques for more comprehensive understanding and characterization of structural controls on mineralization. The course provides a look at the nomenclature associated with the development of normal, reverse and strike-slip fault systems and their relationship with hydrothermal systems and emplacement of intrusions. Additionally, the course will include GIS techniques for interpreting remote sensing data, including magnetometry, seismic reflection, satellite imagery and digital elevation models. Special emphasis is placed on the ability to recognize, outline and understand, at different scales, the styles and types of fault and fracture associated with the emplacement and architecture of porphyry and epithermal systems in the Andes and western Anatolia.